The Plasma Place
I am Greg Johnston. I really like to invent things. I have several technologically feasible inventions. Two are just waterguns, two are laser weapons,one is a hovercraft with alternate propulsion, one is a personal hoverboard, and one is a hoverbike. I have also designed an anti-gravity electromagnet design to float cars in the sky and move them.
Another one of my interests is plasma. I currently have a design for a Plasma Rail Gun to be used in space to shoot down ICBM missles or on land for use in the military. Since plasma is magnetically charged, it could be pulled along the rails just as easily as metal. To prevent it from melting the rails, a heat resitant material is place between the rails and the plasma. Plasma is superheated gas where most of the atoms have lost some or all of their electrons. The remaining ions and electrons move freely. Plasma occurs at between 10 to the second power and ten to the eighth power on the Kelvin Scale.
Plasma weaponry will be more effective than lasers for two reasons. Lasers can be deflected by mirrors. By doing this, an enemy could redirect laser fire towards the shooter. Lasers also require mirrors and lenses to build up heat whereas plasma is already at least 100,000 degrees Celsius. Plasma can also be manipulated via electromagents. Lasers require well placed mirrors.
Of course, these types of weaponry could be used by enemys. So to protect soldiers, the military could create a "suit of armor" for them much like that of a cuirasser's armor. However, instead of iron or steel, the suit could be made of alternating layers of Kevlar, Tungsten, Carbon, and the silica glass fibers used in Space Shuttle tiles. The Kevlar could deflect most bullets or other projectiles whereas Tungsten and Carbon have the two highest melting points out of all the elements. Carbon is, in fact, used on the hottest part of the Space Shuttle; the nose cone. Carbon, Tungsten, and Shuttle tiles can all withstand at least 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit. Carbon and Tungsten can withstand greater than 6,100 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature, however, would require pure Carbon and Tungsten. Of course, 6,000 degrees Fahrenheit isn't exactly enough to withstand plasma, but it could at least absorb some heat. The Kevlar could be silvered to act as a mirror and deflect laser beams. Of course, one of these suits would be extremely expensive to create, so it will probably never become a reality.
Of course, if a new heat resistant material is invented and/or discovered, it would help the design. Here are some pictures of my inventions.
The plasma rail gun has electromagnets (tan) that pull the plasma (red) down the rail and out of the weapon. The generator (yellow) provides the necesarry electricity for this. The plasma is magnetically levitated. The watergun has a water tank (dark blue), compressor (orange), compressed air (light blue), and a trigger (green). Air is sucked into the compressor and compressed. It then travel throught the hose and into the watergun. However, it is stopped by a piece of plastic attached by a rod to the trigger and a second piece of plastic. Water flows from the water tank into the barrel of the watergun. This too is stopped by a piece of plastic. The water and compressed air are thus seperated. When the trigger is pulled back, the two plastic pieces fall. The compressed air pushes the water forward and out the nozzle.
My other main interest is in lasers. Laser is an acronym. It stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Basically this means that laser light is light that is made hotter, brighter, and more focused than normal light because of the existence of radiation around the light. Laser light is coherent. This means that all the photons in the light are of the same wavelength. This means that the light is a tight beam, does not spread out, and is one color. Normal light is incoherent. This means that the photons are of different wavelengths. The light spreads out.
When light, heat, or electricity touch an object the electrons in the electron cloud in that object's atoms become excited. This means that the electrons go into a higher orbit around the nucleus. However, these electrons always want to go back into their normal orbit. When they return to a normal orbit the electron gives off energy in the form of heat or light.
In the case of lasers, the energy is light. A laser is, in effect, one of several lasing mediums, such as CO2, synthetic ruby, or argon, inside a glass tube. Since only one medium is used for a laser, all light emitted is the color of the light that that object gives off when its electrons become excited and then relaxed. Usually, a flashlamp or electrode is put inside or outside the laser tube. This provides the necesarry light/electricity.
As I have discussed in the plasma section, lasers, in my opinion, do not have much of a military use. However, they're almost perfect for industry. Mining could certainly use them.